Evolution of settled agriculture and agricultural development, pattern of human settlement, development of transport network, industrialization and urbanization also affect population distribution. (Delhi 2017, 2018) Give one reason for such large rural population. Ans. NCERT Solutions for Class 12. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. For instance, the states like Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland have very large shares of cultivators. In view of these, the Government of India has undertaken certain policies to impart proper education to the adolescent groups so that their talents are better channelized and properly utilized. Overall improvement in health and sanitation minimized the mortality rate but the birth rate remained high. The proportion of workers in agricultural sector in India has shown a decline over the last few decades (58.2% in 2001 to 54.6% in 2011). Answer: because these regions have moderate temperature conditions with adequate precipitation therefore making the region conducive for population concentration. The occupational composition of India’s population (which actually means engagement of an individual in farming, manufacturing trade, services or any kind of professional activities) shows a large proportion of primary sector workers compared to secondary and tertiary sectors. The density of population in India (2001) is 313 persons per sq km. The average growth rate of the population from 1991-2001 has been 19.3%. Substantiate the statement with statistical facts. Which one of the following states has the highest proportion of urban population in India according to 2001 Census? It is spoken in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. It is important to note that the proportion of workers in agricultural sector, in India has shown a decline over the last few decades (58.2% in 2001 to 54.6% in 2011). Growth rate in states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Punjab, UP, Haryana, Uttaranchal, MP, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand, the growth rate on the average remained 20-25 %. Agriculturally stagnant parts of the middle and lower Gangaplains, Telangana, remote hilly, etc., the degree of urbanization has remained low. At the same time better transport and communication system improved distribution system. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below. Both the birth rate and death rate were high keeping the rate of increase low. North Indian Plains, deltas and Coastal Plains have higher proportion of population than the interior districts of southern and central Indian States, Himalayas, some of the north eastern and the western states. 12 Geography notes Chapter 1 Population. Question 7. Among the northern Indian states, West Bengal, Bihar & U.P. When the birth rate is more than death rate between two points of time or when people from other countries migrate permanently to a region, it is gives rise to positive growth of population. There was high fertility rate of population in the country. (b) Maharashtra Urbanization is low in remote, hilly, tribal and flood prone areas. Which one of the following is the largest linguistic group of India? Question 26. (b) Indo – Aryan. The agricultural sector has the largest share of Indian workers.’ – Explain. Answer the following questions in about 150 words. Question 18. Hence, improvement in health and sanitation took place in the country. Work participation rate is the number of people engaged in economic activities. Which one of the following states has the highest density of population in India? Answer: On the other hand states like Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh have higher proportion of agricultural labourers. Answer: The growth rate of population in India over the last one century has been caused by annual birth rate and death rate and rate of … Consequently, the participation rate in secondary and tertiary sector has registered an increase. 2.4% of total land of the world is under India There are six more nations whose land area is more than India. (i) Himachal Pradesh and Bihar Caused by a rapid fall in mortality rate but a high fertility rate of population in the country. It has two components-natural and induced. Answer: Question 9. There has been a steady increase of about 200 persons per sq km over the last 50 years as the density of population increased from 117 persons/ sq km in 1951 to 313 persons/sq km in 2001. Bihar and Sikkim have very high percentage of rural population. (iii) In 2001, the percentage of main workers was 30.2 % of total population. Throw light on the key features of federalism. (Foreign 2010) Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects. What is meant by population doubling time? Question 6. The term ‘population distribution’ refers to the way people are spaced over the earth’s surface. It is a distinct field of study within population geography with a vast coverage of the analysis of age and sex, place of residence, ethnic characteristics, religion, language, literacy, marital status, occupational characteristics, etc. (ii) Lowest density state tend to have higher work participation rate. Answer: These are the Population class 12 … Very hot and dry and very cold and wet regions of India have low density of population. As far as the physical factors are concerned it is clear that terrain, climate and water largely determines the pattern of the population distribution. The NCERT Geography Book is based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. In India, there is large proportion of primary sector workers compared to secondary and tertiary sectors. (i) The State having largest area. What does the increase in the participation rate of secondary and tertiary sectors signify? The participation rate in secondary and tertiary sectors has registered an increase. On the other hand states like Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh have higher proportion of agricultural labourers. Here you can read Chapter 3 of Class 12 Geography NCERT Book. (i) India has a large proportion of primary sector workers compared to secondary and tertiary sectors. (CBSE 2015) But it is important to note that the proportion of workers in agricultural sector in India has shown a decline over the last few decades (58.2% in 2001 to 54.6% in 2011). Describe India’s population growth over the years. Question 7. There was much improvement in the living conditions of the people. Example; The North Indian Plains, deltas and Coastal Plains have higher proportion of population than the interior districts of southern and central Indian States, Himalayas, some of the north eastern and the western states. How are physical and economic factors responsible for uneven distribution of population in India? Give an account of the occupational structure of India’s population. services. The growth rate of population in India over the last one century has been caused by annual birth rate and death rate and rate of migration and thereby shows different trends. Four major categories are Cultivators, Agricultural labourers, Household industrial workers and Other workers. The challenges before adolescents are It was based on the data till 28 February, 2011 at 12 mid night. Ans. (iii) Arunachal Pradesh Only 4.2% of workers are engaged in household industries. Answer: It is absolutely right to say that social-economic factors influence high density of population: Question 11. In India, the latest census survey was conducted in 2011. Question 8. It enables them to shoulder responsibility for constructive development. (a) 1028 million, Question 1. It is calculated as follows: (CBSE 2011) Answer the following questions in about 150 words: Question 3. Question 1. (i) State with low percentage of urban population. Question 10. The decades of 1951-1981 are the phase of population explosion. CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus. Discuss the spatial pattern of density of population in India. Rural population – 833087662 Urban population – 377105760. This indicates a shift of dependence of workers from farm-based occupations to non-farm based ones, indicating a sector shift in the economy of the country. Question 6. The occupational structure of a country refers to the division of its work force engaged in different economic activities. This indicates a shift of dependence of workers from farm ‘ based occupations to non-farm based ones, indicating a sectoral shift in the economy of the country. Other religions include Zoroastrians tribal and other indigenous faiths and beliefs. Download CBSE Class 12 Geography The World Population MCQ in pdf, Geography chapter wise Multiple Choice Questions free, Q1. Rapid fall in the mortality rate due to centralized planning process. Answer: Question 16. Why is the growth rate of population in phase IV, slowing down in India? Climate along with terrain and availability of water largely determines the pattern of the population distribution. Answer the following questions in about 30 words. (i)Rajasthan On the other hand, the urban regions of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune, Ahmedabad, Chennai and Jaipur have high concentration of population due to industrial development and urbanisation drawing a large numbers of rural-urban migrants. In the next three decades 1951-81 are known as the period of population explosion. Answer: Get Population Composition, Geography Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. (Examples from the world should be considered as well). Question 12. The decades 1951-1981 are referred as the period of population explosion in India.” Explain the statement by giving any three reasons. Question 8. Availability of mineral and energy resources (Jharkhand). As far as the occupation of country’s male and female population is concerned, male workers out-number female workers in all the three sectors. The highly urbanised areas like Delhi, Chandigarh and Puducherry have a very large proportion of workers being engaged in other services. Class 12 Biology NCERT Chapterwise Solutions NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms. Describe India’s population growth over the years. The continent that has the highest growth rate of populationOptions:a. Africab. 1. The average annual Growth rate was as high as 2.2 per cent. The World Population class 12 Notes Geography in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The number of female workers is relatively high in primary sector, though in recent years there has been some improvement in work participation of women in secondary and tertiary sectors. Favorable factors for Transport network, industrialization, urbanization in Maharashtra, Goa, Delhi NCR etc. They are divided into three groups: Question 29. (CBSE 2015) NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Population. Since 1981 till date, population growth rate has been high although a downward trend of crude birth rate has started. Answer: (i) Indian constitution has 22 Scheduled languages. due to possibilities of agriculture, industrial development and favorable climate to some extent. Locate and label the following on the given political map of India with appropriate symbols. Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. ... Search Question Answers Locate and label the following on the given political map of India with appropriate symbols. Similarly places that have extreme climate such as- extreme cold climate in the Himalayan region and few Northeastern states, then extreme hot and dry climate in the western region of Thar desert attracts less people due to harsh climatic condition. Based on the place of residence population can be categorized into rural and urban. (i) Very hot and dry and very cold and wet regions of India have low density of population. On an outline map of India, show rice-producing areas. Answer: The proportion of workers in agricultural sector has shown a decline over the last few decades. (d) Gujarat Question 4. Question 1. Question 3. Of Delhi ( Jharkhand ) of census survey plains, deltas and coastal have... 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