The American wisteria is obviously native to the United States, as the name suggests and is a highly popular choice among a majority of the northern gardeners who wish to grow a wisteria vine. There are 10 species in the wisteria genus with numerous cultivars, but only two main species are typically planted in gardens in … This flower is a very reliable and excellent for gardeners that reside in cold climates. The common wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) with its vivacious lilac coloured petals, is perhaps the best known variety of the wisteria family since it has been in circulation for a longer period of time as a result of its great public demand. The flowering period for this type of wisteria is mid-spring to early summer during which this splendid species sports some of the most beautiful fall colors. There are many different types of wisteria vines that grow in North Carolina, but only one species, the American wisteria, is native to the state. This includes further ten species of climbing and woody vines, all of which are native to Japan, Korea, and China. Wisteria sinensis 'Alba'. Wisteria is an ideal kind of vine for any nostalgic gardener who loves to grow heavy, hanging flowers with gnarled branches. It is a striking climber that produces masses of 6-inch long hanging sprays with a variety of gorgeous pink and white flowers. var theDate=new Date() Some common characteristics and features of the wisteria plant include: Below are some of the popular and common varieties of wisteria that most gardeners wish to grow. Chinese wisteria has a Japanese relative, Wisteria floribunda.It requires similar conditions, but the flower color is more lavender-purple, and the flower clusters are longer. Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon'. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. All Rights Reserved. If they turn counterclockwise, you are growing Chinese wisteria or one of the American varieties. These stunning flowers bloom during late spring all the way through mid-summer and grow up to 50 cm in length. It also has one of the latest bloom times, so the flowers of this plant emerge sometime in June. This is a spectacular plant when restricted and the flowers form curtains of fragrant blossom. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Includes photos. Wisteria leaves are distinct and identifying them is usually easy. Although many gardeners on many continents love and grow wisteria, it is considered an invasive species in many parts of the United States, especially the fast-spreading Asian varieties. Since the flowers of this plant appear late after the foliage, their cascades are not as long as the ones found on the Asian varieties, however, the beautiful blue-violet flowers do look more pleasant than those of the Asiatic species. It has the shortest racemes of the wisteria family. Its flowering period begins in the late spring and end during the mid-summer season. Known hazards of Wisteria sinensis: The seed of all members of this genus is poisonous. Has the latest bloom time, with flowers emerging in June. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. This is one of the darkest purple wisteria cultivars that is famous for its spectacular tresses of sweet-scented violet flowers. They belong to the genus Wisteria, which is made up of ten species of which we will see the most popular below. * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Water wisteria is a hardy species, so it can be added to lots of different setups. Flowers are lilac-blue and bunched in 4- to 6-inch-wide clusters. So, which variety of wisteria are you going to get for your home? It grows to a height of 10 to 30 feet and mainly grown in regions of the East Coast and the Carolinas. “This hardy vine … These flowers typically bloom in the early season along with their plush leaves. The racemes, of the flower-growing clusters of this plant, are 6 inches long and really broad with a very strong scent and heavily textured flowers. Unfortunately, these varieties can be difficult to find at local nurseries, but you can often purchase them from mail-order suppliers. The original species types of wisteria, came from Japan, Korea, China, together with Central and Southern USA. These flowers also contain a large, conspicuous yellow-colored spot that makes them stand out from the rest. This is another popular variety of the Chinese wisteria that has a very sweet fragrance and is a free-flowering deciduous climber. This variety of wisteria is known for its amazing scent and its beautiful showiness. It is also notable mainly for its unique hardiness. . There aren’t many tanks that this species can’t be added to. Unlike its Japanese cousin, this plant grows well in partial shade and often under full sun, too. Find out all about the different types of wisteria with their unique characteristics here. Wisteria floribunda 'Violacea Plena’. Japanese wisteria always grows clockwise. The flowers bloom gradually over a period of weeks. In late spring or early summer, it produces masses of very long, drooping clusters, up to 16 in. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Chinese wisteria include: Like many other wisteria species, this variety is also quite well-known for its exceptional fragrance and ethereal beauty. Japanese wisteria is a floribunda with blossoms in twenty inch clusters. This wisteria is believed to be the most romantic of all the species in the wisteria family and is truly a show-stopper. The flowers of this wisteria are a gorgeous pale rose that are further tipped with the color purple. There is limited colour choice within the Wisteria Varieties. Both of these varieties are not native to Northern America, and many U.S states classify wisteria as an invasive species. . The seed and seedpod contains a resin and a glycoside called wisterin. The Chinese wisteria grows to an average height of 10 to 25 feet, sometimes even higher than that. A native found in the Midwest as well as Louisiana and Texas. Those first exported Asian wisteria seeds were just as variable, and so were their offspring. The flowering period of the silky wisteria begins during late spring and ends during the early summer. Blooming improves with age and regular pruning. Flowers often last longer than other wisterias. Silky wisteria blooms best in full sun, and its flowers burst open all at once during the late spring season. The flowers of this vine are a stunning white that bloom late in spring or early in the summer before the appearance of the foliage. The wisteria vine got its unique name in the early 19th century a botanist called Thomas Nuttall decided to name it after Dr. Caspar Wistar, who was a famous physician during those times. It produces masses of hanging sprays with pale lilac flowers that sport a big, white spot. The clusters are typically 4 to 6 inches, and the lilac-blue flowers of this plant are bunched together in those clusters. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. It is also a woody and deciduous vine that has originated from the southeastern United States. Unnamed plants may have been grown from seed and take fifteen years to flower – life’s too short. The flowering period for this wisteria is early spring during which the gorgeous flowers bloom into colors before the appearance of the leaves. Many plants grown from seed can be genetically variable with any number of characteristics resulting in the offspring. The plant grows to an average height of 10 to 25 inches and produces very long drooping clusters or racemes. This flowering period also occurs once the entire foliage is completely well-developed so when the flowers bloom open, they end up hiding behind the foliage. The Chinese wisteria is also a vigorous climber that originated from China. These Asian imports have become the favorites of gardeners because of their showy flower clusters, intense fragrance, and the wide array of color options and cultivars available. The bean-like pods of this vine ripen in late summer and may even keep ripening till the early winter season. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? . Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. See below Description. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Photo by: InfoFlowersPlants / Shutterstock. Compare the five most common species below. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. When the racemes of this plant are about 30 cm or 12 inches long, the clusters burst into a spectacular and fragrant flower curtain that greatly attracts the little buzzing bees in early summer or late spring. Wisteria is sold in garden centers and nurseries and can be found in numerous home gardens across the country. What types of Wisteria are there? Types of Wisteria. There are many good wisteria varieties & hybrids. What’s even more fascinating is that a “Wisteria Festival” is held there every year to honor this luxuriously spectacular vine. It has leaves that sport a dark green color and contain 15 lance-shaped leaflets. Chinese Wisteria/Japanese Wisteria Destroys Native Wildlife Habitats This vine grows very rapidly, reaching up to 70 feet with 15 inch trunks. A reliable choice for gardeners in northern climates. Since it produces flowers just after growing for 2 to 3 years, it has quite a reputation for being the quickest wisteria to bloom. It produces beautiful violet-blue flowers that grow clusters called racemes. Asian wisterias are popular due to their impressive flowers, but are aggressive growers. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. Types of wisteria: When it comes to wisteria there are two types: Asian and American. It reaches 10 meters in height Spectacular Blue Moon Wisteria Vine Plant 1-2' Tall Potted Plant Fragrant Flowers Attracts Hummingbirds 2-3 Year Old Plants, in dormancy 3.6 out of 5 stars 270 $24.72 Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Silky wisteria include: This is a strongly scented variety of the Silky wisteria that typically reaches a height of 10 to 20 inches. long (40 cm), with fragrant, pea-like flowers, that are a combination of pale lilac-blue and deep purple with a yellow spot in the throat. These are the most common causes for the death of this plant. The flowering period of this wisteria begins in the late spring and goes on to repeat intermittently during the summer season. The bark contains a glycoside and a resin that are both poisonous. The leaves turn a striking shade of yellow in the fall season which easily enhances the beauty of any garden. Meet Wisteria frutescens, a sedate alternative to Asian wisteria that is native to the southeastern United States.We asked Peggy Cornett, Curator of Plants at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, for more information on this underutilized native treasure. Their flowers also last longer than most other wisterias. Wisteria venusta) Image – Wikimedia / Meneerke Bloem. But because various wisteria species have similarly-structured leaves, discerning one species from another can be challenging. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. May be trained horizontally, up to 25 feet or further. There are Chinese, Japanese and silky wisteria to choose from. These cultivars also appear in a variety of different shades and colors including blue, lavender, deep purple and white. It is a famous deciduous climber with extraordinarily large, heavily-scented clusters that extend up to 30 cm in length. Kraunhia Raf. If you plant a wisteria, make sure you give it adequate support … These species are less aggressive as compared to the Chinese and Japanese wisteria varieties. Woodlanders, Aiken, SC W. multijuga - syn W. floribunda W. sinensis - Chinese Wisteria "This is a beautiful vine native to China, and is one of the most widely used of the delightful wisteria. Wisteria is best defined as a breathtaking but aggressive vine that is likely to steal the beauty show in anyone’s garden. 1- to 3-foot-long chain-like clusters of flowers, called racemes. It produces oval, elliptical shaped leaves with 13-19 leaflets that are usually bronze or pale green in color when young and gradually turn into a gorgeous yellow during the fall season. An interesting fact is that Chinese Wisteria twists clockwise around objects in its path, while Japanese Wisteria twists counterclockwise. There are actually two types of Wisteria; Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria foribunda). There are over 150 wisteria trees in Kawachi Wisteria Garden, with 22 types of wisteria. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) All the flowers in a cluster open at once, well before the foliage appears. Silky wisterias, also from Japan, deserve equal attention. The leaves of the plant are as attractive as its flowers, and they sport a light green color with 7-13 leaflets. This is probably one of the shorter suckers which is around 10 or 15 metres long, and there’s not just one, there are many. Look at the direction the vines twist around their support structure. This popular and beautiful vine belongs to the flowering plants of the legume family called Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Wisteria venusta var. Mainly grown in the Carolinas and along the East Coast. Synonyms Diplonyx Raf. The term wisteria may be better known as Wisteria Lane, which was the fictional street in the popular show “Desperate Housewives” (which I loved). It might be a cold-hardy kind of vine, but if looked after properly and given the right growing conditions, this vine will bloom into mesmerizing cascades of luscious purple-violet flowers that will take your breath away. Wisteria is commonly described as a vigorous climbing shrub that has been blessed with an abundance of rich and plush foliage, coupled with magnificent, blooming flowers that burst wide open usually during the colorful spring season. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. Different Types of Wisteria. The flowering period for this wisteria begins in the late spring and ends all the way through the early summer season. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Japanese wisteria include: This is an award-winning type of Japanese wisteria that is duly noted for its beautiful floral display and its wonderful fragrance. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. The Kentucky wisteria grows to an average height of 15 to 25 feet and is one of the most cold-hardy species. The good news, however, is that there is a far less invasive alternative to the Asian wisterias that is easier to control: American wisteria, Wisteria flutescens.This woody, deciduous climber is native to low-lying areas of the southeastern United States. It blooms really well with age and if they are pruned regularly. The leaves of the Silky wisteria have 9-11 leaflets, initially with silky hair that turn a gorgeous yellow-golden shade during the fall season. Phonetic Spelling wis-TEER-ee-ah froo-TESS-enz This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. Browse photos, get design ideas & see the hottest plants, Compare the different types of wisteria vines commonly grown in home gardens, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips.
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