Two of the longest arterial roads within the Auckland Region are Great North Road and Great South Road â the main connections in those directions before the construction of the State Highway network.  Twenty councillors make up the remainder of the Auckland Council governing body, elected from thirteen electoral wards.  Auckland has also been called a very pedestrian- and cyclist-unfriendly city, though some efforts are being made to change this, with Auckland being a major participant in the government's "Urban Cycleways" initiative, and with the "SkyPath" project for a walk and cycleway on the Auckland Harbour Bridge having received Council support, and planning consent.. State Highway 22 is a non-motorway rural arterial connecting Pukekohe to the Southern Motorway at Drury. Work began in late 2015 to provide more route flexibility and connect Britomart more directly to western suburbs on the Western Line via an underground rail tunnel known as the City Rail Link project. On the eastern coastline of the North Shore, where the Rangitoto Channel divides the inner Hauraki Gulf islands from the mainland, there are popular swimming beaches at Cheltenham and Narrow Neck in Devonport, Takapuna, Milford, and the various beaches further north in the area known as East Coast Bays. The trend is for the latest eruptions to occur in the northwest of the field.  135,000 yachts and launches are registered in Auckland, and around 60,500 of the country's 149,900 registered yachtsmen are from Auckland, with about one in three Auckland households owning a boat. Of the total population, 269,367 people (20.0%) were aged up to 15 years, 320,181 (23.8%) were 15 to 29, 605,823 (45.0%) were 30 to 64, and 150,720 (11.2%) were 65 or older. Auckland also benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport. The Auckland Art Gallery is the largest stand-alone gallery in New Zealand with a collection of over 15,000 artworks, including prominent New Zealand and Pacific Island artists, as well as international painting, sculpture and print collections ranging in date from 1376 to the present day. High-precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of Quaternary basalts from Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand, with implications for eruption rates and paleomagnetic correlations. A Royal Commission on Auckland Governance was set up in 2007, and in 2009 it recommended a unified local governance structure for Auckland by amalgamating the councils. Parnell is Aucklandâs oldest neighbourhood, and looks very much like an old-time village. Crop a region, add/remove features, change shape, different projections, adjust colors, even add your locations! Major markets include those held in Åtara and Avondale on weekend mornings. The total coastline of Auckland is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.. One of Auckland's nicknames, the "City of Sails", is derived from the popularity of sailing in the region. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Auckland, Auckland. Best Western Ellerslie International Motor Inn. , The Auckland central business district (CBD)âthe city centreâis the most built-up area of the region. Many pÄ (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. The 1998 electricity sector reforms required electricity companies to split their lines and supply business and sell one of them off.  The NRL Auckland Nines was a rugby league nines preseason competition played at Eden Park from 2014 to 2017.  There is significant public debate around why Auckland's housing is so expensive, often referring to a lack of land supply, the easy availability of credit for residential investment and Auckland's high level of liveability. In a new subdivision at Hobsonville Point, 20 percent of new homes were reduced to below $550,000. The high-variant scenario shows the region's population growing to over two million by 2031. Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities â although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. Queen Street, Britomart, Ponsonby Road, Karangahape Road, Newmarket and Parnell are major retail areas.  Snowfall is extremely rare: the most significant fall since the start of the 20th century was on 27 July 1939, when snow stuck to the clothes of people outdoors just before dawn and five centimetres (2 in) of snow reportedly lay on Mount Eden. While most volcanic cones in the Auckland volcanic field have been affected by quarrying, many of the remaining cones are now within parks, and retain a more natural character than the surrounding city. There are two harbours surrounding this isthmus: WaitematÄ Harbour to the north, which opens east to the Hauraki Gulf and thence to the Pacific Ocean, and Manukau Harbour to the south, which opens west to the Tasman Sea. The 2017 World Masters Games were held at a number of venues around Auckland. In response to the ongoing rebellion by HÅne Heke in the mid-1840s, the government encouraged retired but fit British soldiers and their families to migrate to Auckland to form a defence line around the port settlement as garrison soldiers. The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). , The Auckland Harbour Bridge, opened in 1959, is the main connection between the North Shore and the rest of the Auckland region.  The Viaduct Basin, on the western edge of the CBD, hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup). The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city.  It is located in the Auckland Regionâthe area governed by Auckland Councilâwhich includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,717,500. Sporting teams based in Auckland who compete in national or trans-national competitions are as follows: Annual sporting events held in Auckland include: Major events previously held in Auckland include the 1950 British Empire Games and the Commonwealth Games in 1990, and a number of matches (including the semi-finals and the final) of the 1987 Rugby World Cup and 2011 Rugby World Cup. Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country. Architectural landmarks include the Harbour Bridge, the Town Hall, the Ferry Building and the Sky Tower. , Auckland's population is predominantly of European origin, though the proportion of those of Asian or other non-European origins has increased in recent decades due to immigration and the removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race. 333 reviews. Driving Directions. For the wider region, see, Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand. Past volcanic deposits: Kermode L. (1992).  Nevertheless, the majority of Aucklanders live in single dwelling housing and are expected to continue to do so â even with most of future urban growth being through intensification.. Waitake Ranges, Piha, Karekare Beach, & Bethells Beach.. About. Could not find what you're looking for? From 1989 to 2010, Auckland was governed by several city and district councils, with regional oversight by Auckland Regional Council.  It is the only city in the world built on a basaltic volcanic field that is still active. Soon after signing the Treaty, Te Kawau offered land on the WaitematÄ Harbour to the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, for his new capital, which Hobson named for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, then Viceroy of India.  After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital.  Auckland is connected with other cities through bus services operated by InterCity. This is a list of suburbs in the Auckland metropolitan area, New Zealand, surrounding the Auckland Central Business District.They are broadly grouped into â¦ , The sub-national GDP of the Auckland region was estimated at NZ$93.5 billion in 2016, 37.2 percent of New Zealand's national GDP. Most of the Irish (though not all) were from Protestant Ulster. West Auckland from Mapcarta, the free map. There are also three racecourses within the city - (Ellerslie and Avondale for thoroughbred racing, and Alexandra Park for harness racing). , Auckland is experiencing substantial population growth via natural population increases (one-third of growth) and immigration (two-thirds), and is set to grow to an estimated 1.9 million inhabitants by 2031 in a medium-variant scenario.  By 2006 the Asian population had reached 18.0 percent in Auckland, and 36.2 percent in the central city. There are no major electricity generation stations located within the city or north of Auckland, so almost all of the electricity for Auckland and Northland must be transmitted from power stations in the south, mainly from Huntly Power Station and the Waikato River hydroelectric stations. Interactive enhanced satellite map for Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Tourism in Auckland yields strong revenue for the New Zealand economy. The surrounding hills are covered in rainforest and the landscape is dotted with 53 dormant volcanic cones. As a result, Power New Zealand and Counties Power companies sold off its retail businesses and retained their distribution businesses; Power New Zealand was subsequently renamed United Networks. , The Auckland urban area lies within the Auckland Region, an administrative region that takes its name from the city. Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian denomination with 13.3 percent affiliating, followed by Anglicanism (9.1 percent) and Presbyterianism (7.4 percent). Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, such as Piha Surf Life Saving Club the home of Piha Rescue. Auckland's volcanoes are fuelled entirely by basaltic magma, unlike the explosive subduction-driven volcanism in the central North Island, such as at Mount Ruapehu and Lake Taupo which are of tectonic origin. It is not contiguous; the section from Waiwera to Whangaparaoa Peninsula is separate from its nearest neighbouring suburb of Long Bay. Some are several kilometres long. In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the ÅtÄhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region.