", "But whoever believes, and works righteousness, he shall have a goodly reward, and easy will be his task as we order it by our command. [citation needed], The various campaigns of Dhul-Qarnayn mentioned in Q:18:83-101 have also been attributed to the South Arabian Himyarite King Ṣaʿb Dhu-Marāthid (also known as al-Rāʾid). Until, when he reached (a tract) between two mountains, he found, beneath them, a people who scarcely understood a word. However, there was a disagreement about Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood later. He is considered by some people as a first generation of human beings—a son of Yafith (Japheth), the son of Nuh (a)—and by others as contemporary with the prophets Ibrahim (a) (Abraham) and Isma'il (a) (Ishmael). Furthermore, Cyrus' conquests[7]:16 also align with the account of Dhu al-Qarnayn as Cyrus was also a great King who expanded his empire in three directions, excluding the South. He was a polytheist and his prime minister was Aristotle. According to Abu Rayhan Biruni, al-Adhwa' are from Yemen, and the king of Yemen is called "Dhu l-Qarnayn" because he had two braided strings of hair. was aware of the works of Zul-Qarnayn, and, before he could do anything and reach any place, Allah knew his fate and taught him and lead him what to do. Among contemporary Sunni exegetes, Sayyid Qutb referred to Dhu l-Qarnayn only as Dhu l-Qarnayn and did not try to identify him, because, he believed, there is no assuring source at our disposal except the Qur'an, and exegetical views are mixed with myths and Isra'iliyyat. Dhul-Qarnayn demonstrates humility, an essential quality of an ideal leader. Dhul Qarnayn ( ذو القرنين) is righteous ruler mentioned in the Quran who constructed a wall to hold Gog and Magog. For centuries, most Muslim historians and Qur'anic commentators endorsed the identity of Dhul-Qarnayn as Alexander, though … Anyone who reads the story of Dhu’l-Qarnayn and how he dealt with this nation in Soorat al-Kahf will know for sure that they exist and that the barrier which was built is not metaphorical or imaginary, but is a physical barrier built of iron and melted copper. We said: "O Dhu'l-Qarneyn! The Qur'an illustrates Dhu l-Qarnayn as a believer in God and the Resurrection who was equipped with new tools with the help of God. Dhu l-Qarnayn (Arabic: ذوالقَرنَین) is the title of a character mentioned in the Qur'an. How do you say Dhul-Qarnayn? Lo! Other people have also been suggested to be identified with Dhu l-Qarnayn, including Alexandrous from Alexandria, Hermes or Herdis, Marzan b. Madraba the Greek, an Egyptian man from the progeny of Yafith the son of Nuh (a), 'Ayyash, and 'Abd Allah b. Dahhak. ", "Bring me blocks of iron." This is consistent with the title, "Dhu l-Qarnayn" (holder of two horns). Thus, it is probable that the Jews may have asked the Prophet (s) about a king with whom they were already familiar. After the Qur'an, the contents of different sources regarding Dhu l-Qarnayn were based on fictions and earlier views, although in some periods, authors tried to adopt a critical approach to such contents and to precisely identify Dhu l-Qarnayn. The Qur’an mentions three of his journeys.On his last journey, he reaches a place between two mountains where he met a tribe of people. It is also suggested that he lived after Musa (a), or 300 years before the birth of 'Isa (a) (Jesus), or the interval period after 'Isa (a). Sentient Creation. In some cases, Dhu l-Qarnayn is introduced as a prophet and a king, and in some cases, only as a faithful king. There are basic disagreements in Islamic sources about his identity, the historical period in which he lived, and the details of his life. Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). The rather short Quranic account of the story of Dhu l-Qarnayn is a mysterious story of the Qur'an appearing after two other mysterious stories in Sura al-Kahf: the story of the Seven Sleepers (People of Kahf) and the story of Musa (a) (Moses) and Khidr. Other persons identified with Dhul-Qarnayn: sfn error: no target: CITEREFWheeler1998 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWheeler1998 (. In other words, Allah (s.w.t.) In the 19th century, Orientalists studying the Quran began researching the identity of Dhul-Qarnayn. The greatest source of concern for Muslim scholars was the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn with Alexander the Great whose character led to different and even contradictory views about Dhu l-Qarnayn. [10] Modern Islamic apocalyptic writers, holding to a literal reading, put forward various explanations for the absence of the wall from the modern world, some saying that Gog and Magog were the Mongols and that the wall is now gone, others that both the wall and Gog and Magog are present but invisible. Dhu al-Qarnayn, , Lit. The view was first developed by western scholars in the middle of the 13th/19th century, although it found its way among Persian readers about 60 years later through a different route. There are basic disagreements in Islamic sources about his identity, the historical period in which he lived, and the details of his life. They claim that the Old Testament, and in particular, the Book of Daniel, as well as historical accounts of Xenophon are not reliable sources. [6][7] Some modern Muslim scholars are in favor of identifying him with Cyrus the Great.[8]. ", Till, when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring, and found a people thereabout. The view is based on a hadith from Imam 'Ali (a) and turned into a well-known view in later sources. The description of Dhul-Qarneyn in Quran is similar and identical to that of Solomon (AS) in “Zaboor”. Dhul-Qarnayn (English) Proper noun Dhul-Qarnayn Islam - The ruler... Dhulbahante (English) Proper noun Dhulbahante A clan in Somalia. Showing page 1. 2 – Dhu’l-Qarnayn who is mentioned in the Qur’aan is not Alexander the Macedonian or Greek who built Alexandria. [8] Among Muslims, first promoted by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad,[29][31] this theory has generated wider acceptance over the years. [2], Early Muslim commentators and historians assimilated Dhu al-Qarnayn to several figures, among them Alexander the Macedonian, the Parthian king Kisrounis,[3] the South-Arabian Himyarite king Sa'b Dhu Marathid, and the North-Arabian Lakhmid king al-Mundhir ibn Imru al-Qays. The rabbis told them to ask Muhammad about three things, one of them "about a man who travelled and reached the east and the west of the earth, what was his story". On that day we shall present hell to the disbelievers, plain to view. The view was rejected on grounds that Dhu l-Qarnayn in the Qur'an was a believer in God and the Resurrection who treated people with justice and tolerance, but Alexander was a Mandaean. [16][17][18], According to Bietenholz, the story of Dhu al-Qarnayn has its origins in legends of Alexander the Great current in the Middle East in the early years of the Christian era. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. The identity of Gog and Magog and the specification of the geographical location of the dam constructed by Dhu l-Qarnayn to obstruct Gog and Magog are key to the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn. [25] Ernst claims that Dhu al-Qarnayn finding the sun setting in a "muddy spring" in the West is equivalent to the "poisonous sea" found by Alexander in the Syriac legend. Al-Tha'labi found this view plausible. He said: "This is a mercy from my Lord: but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass, He will make it into dust; and the promise of my Lord is true. In the East both the Syrian legend and the Quran, according to Ernst, have Alexander/Dhu al-Qarnayn find a people who live so close to the rising sun that they have no protection from its heat. Abstract meanings: the second group of such views provide abstract grounds for the appellation associated with other meanings of the word, "qarn". The legend allegedly went through much further elaboration in subsequent centuries before eventually finding its way into the Quran through a Syrian version. These two people were in different periods by about 2000 years. Pronunciation of Dhul-Qadah with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 synonym, 3 translations and more for Dhul-Qadah. In recent sources, and in particular, in contemporary scholarships, the views were informed by archeological and linguistic findings as well as some ancient sources of history. [5] However, the supposed influence of the Syriac legends on the Quran have been questioned based on dating inconsistencies and missing key motifs. Dhul-Qarnayn (Arabic: ذو القرنين ḏū al-qarnayn, IPA: [ðuːlqarˈnajn]), literally "He of the Two Horns" [1] [2] is a figure mentioned in the Qur'an, the sacred scripture of Islam, where he is described as a great and righteous ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking the people whom he met on his journey to the east (i.e., the rising of the sun). Sign in to disable ALL ads. Thus were they made powerless to scale it or to dig through it. In order to solve some discrepancies with regard to Dhu l-Qarnayn, Ibn Kathir believed that there were people known as Alexander and Dhu l-Qarnayn, tracing the errors of earlier authors to regarding these two persons as identical. For example, Mundhir b. Ma' al-Sama' al-Lakhmi was called "Dhu l-Qarnayn". The verses of the chapter reproduced below show Dhu al-Qarnayn traveling first to the Western edge of the world where he sees the sun set in a muddy spring, then to the furthest East where he sees it rise from the ocean, and finally northward to a place in the mountains where he finds a people oppressed by Gog and Magog: A minority[citation needed] of Muslim commentators argue Gog and Magog here refers to some barbaric North Asian tribes from pre-Biblical times which have been free from Dhu al-Qarnayn's wall for a long time. In recent periods, some people identified Dhu l-Qarnayn with Cyrus the Great (reign: 530BC-590BC). How to say Dhul-Qadah in English? He lived around 300 years before the birth of 'Isa (a). It seems that later narrators and historians exaggerated about these kings. Dhul Qarnain was a righteous and just king, who traveled the lands from West to East. Elsewhere on the great mountain Dhu al-Qarnayn meets Israfil (the archangel Raphael), standing ready to blow the trumpet on the Day of Judgement. [32] According to Wheeler, it is possible that some elements of these accounts that were originally associated with Sa'b have been incorporated into stories which identify Dhu al-Qarnayn with Alexander.[32]. Some people believed that he was a prophet, though he was not sent by God to guide people. Dhul-Qarnayn motivates the people to help themselves rather than allowing them to accept a handout. The name appears three times in the Qur'an. The view has been rejected because the similarity between the names of the kings of Yemen and Dhu l-Qarnayn is not sufficient for the identification. Cyrus's travels to the west to conquer the capital of Lydia and to the east to combat Bedouin tribes agree with Dhu l-Qarnayn's travels westwards and eastwards. ", "But as for him who believeth and doeth right, good will be his reward, and We shall speak unto him a mild command.". [13], The Malay-language Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain traces the ancestry of several Southeast Asian royal families, such as the Sumatra Minangkabau royalty,[14] from Iskandar Zulkarnain,[15] through Raja Rajendra Chola (Raja Suran, Raja Chola) in the Malay Annals. Say: "I shall recite unto you a remembrance of him.". (Thou hast authority) either to punish them, or to treat them with, kindness.” 6 Hamdi Yazır says, “This statement shows it clearly that Dhul-Qarnayn is a prophet. A Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly: This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 16:38. [30] Among Western academics, Brannon Wheeler has argued that the alleged similarities between Alexander romances and the Dhu al-Qarnayn story are actually based on later commentaries of the Qur'an rather than the Qur'an itself. It must be clarified that there is a difference of opinion among the historians and commentators whether Dhu’l-Qarnayn was same as Alexander of Rome. Moreover, some other kings of Yemen are also identified with Dhu l-Qarnayn, including Tubba' al-Aqran, the son of Shammir Yar'ash, Sa'b b. Harith, or Sa'b b. Hammal, or Sa'b b. Dhi Yazan, a son of Wa'il b. Himyar. [26], Several notable Muslim commentators, including Ibn Kathir,[27]:100-101 Ibn Taymiyyah[27]:101[28] and Naser Makarem Shirazi,[29] have strongly disagreed with the Alexander identification. The second Dhu l-Qarnayn was Alexander the Great whose lineage goes back to Ibrahim (a). [20] The use of the Islamic epithet "Dhu al-Qarnayn", the "two-horned", first occurred in the Quran. Verily We established his power on earth, and We gave him the ways and the means to all ends. The hero ascends Mount Qof, the "mother" of all other mountains (identified with the Alborz mountains on the northern border of Iran), which is made of emerald and forms a ring encircling the entire Earth with veins under every land. He did not support either party of the disagreement, though he believed that there are Quranic verses which might demonstrate Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood, and so, he seems to be inclined to the view that Dhu l-Qarnayn was a prophet. (Verses 18:83-98). Before that, in a dream by the prophet Danial, a ram with two horns appears which is referred to in Hebrew as "קרנים" (qarnim). He was the one who provided … Dhu al-Qarnayn, (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْقَرْنَيْن‎ Ḏū al-Qarnayn, IPA: [ðuː‿l.qar.najn]), Lit. Some people suggested that he was contemporary with, and a student of, Aristotle. This is also a strong argument that Dhul- Qarneyn was the title of Solomon (AS). Till, when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had appointed no shelter therefrom. The Syriac manuscripts were translated into English in 1889 by E. A. Wallis Budge. : "He of the Two Horns"), also spelled Zu al-Qarnayn, appears in the Quran, Surah Al-Kahf (18), Ayahs 83-101 as one who travels to east and west and erects a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog (called Ya'juj and Ma'juj). Dhul-Qarnayn is regarded by some Muslims as a prophet, while other say that he was "a friend of God". Moreover, there is no historical evidence that Alexander ever constructed a dam as characterized in the Qur'an. Al-Fakhr al-Razi also talked about the disagreement over Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood. According to these, the Scythians, the descendants of Gog and Magog, once defeated one of Alexander's generals, upon which Alexander built a wall in the Caucasus mountains to keep them out of civilised lands (the basic elements are found in Flavius Josephus). - till, when he had made it a fire, he said: "Bring me molten copper to pour thereon.". He said: "That wherein my Lord hath established me is better (than your tribute). He is honored in Yemeni poems. A number of different views—amounting to 20—have been developed about why Dhu l-Qarnayn was called so. In addition to a hadith from the Prophet (s), it seems that Wahb b. Munabbih (d. 110/728 and a well-known fabricator of hadiths) was the first person who allegedly identified Dhu l-Qarnayn with Alexander the Great. Dhul-Qarneyn means having two horns in the head. Dhul-Qarnayn (Islam) The ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking mankind. In English, too, the word, "horn", is rooted in the Latin "cornu" which seems similar to the word, "qarn". The material of this article is mainly taken from. Hamdi Yazır and Mehmet Vehbi hold the view that Dhul-Qarnayn is a prophet acting upon the form of address 'O Dhul-Qarnayn!' Moreover, in some other hadiths, he was introduced only as a beloved servant of God, and in another one, as a scholar. [1] Elsewhere the Quran tells how the end of the world would be signaled by the release of Gog and Magog from behind the wall, and other apocalyptic writings report their destruction by God in a single night would usher in the Day of Resurrection (Yawm al-Qiyāmah). Dhul-Qarnayn (The two-horned in English) features in the Qur'an, the sacred scripture believed by Muslims to have been revealed by Allah to Muhammad.The story of Dhul-Qarnayn appears in seventeen short verses of the Qur'an, specifically verses 18:83-99 of Surah Al-Kahf. And on that day we shall let some of them surge against others, and the Trumpet will be blown. So (it was). According to Muslim accounts, this chapter was revealed to Muhammad when his tribe, Quraysh, sent two men to discover whether the Jews, with their superior knowledge of the scriptures, could advise them on whether Muhammad was a true prophet of God.

dhul qarnayn in english

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