Chaz Sanders Chaz Sanders and her family were relaxing at home one day in the beginning of September when, out of nowhere, a stray rooster wandered onto … Accurate, good range, damn quiet and not crazy expensive. Thirsty Three Times Think Thickish. The water would only repel them for a short amount of time and the pressure of a long distance gun may be harmful to them. Then one day we got a tip from an old timer- someone who’s been a farmer and livestock owner for a long time. Are you wondering what to do with unwanted roosters? They make some pretty darn good pellet guns now a days. If you don’t want to remove the rooster’s spurs— a fairly simple procedure — from time to time, then don’t get one. These creatures have a pack mentality and are especially dangerous to your flock. If you have fewer than eight backyard chickens, do not consider getting a rooster. Wow what a story. Trees, fences, or other structures can be territorial markers for spraying males. Established perennial herbs are also rooted firmly into the ground, making it difficult for chickens to scratch them out even if they do get curious. I do still have 2 bantam roosters that I am keeping. Join BYC FREE here to see fewer ads, post questions, upload pics, & more! Our No-Crow Rooster Collar is a humane solution to control a rooster's loud crowing; it dramatically reduces the volume and frequency of crowing, so you may be able to keep your pet rooster after all. They will be attracted to anything that smells like food. Anything smaller than this might be too lightweight and could be knocked over by notably aggressive chickens. % of people told us that this article helped them. With notably aggressive chickens, you may need to take a few extra steps even with container gardens. Animal control officers and animal shelter employees are specially trained to deal with stray and/or aggressive animals. you vould run a business) give them to a farm. Sort by reaction score Thread starter MotherHen75; Start date Jul 27, 2019 ••• More options Who Replied? I got out to find him dead. There are a few things you can do to discourage chickens from trampling, scratching, and pecking certain areas, though. It would not work well and you should not do that. You must log in or register to reply here. I made a video of how I am attempting to keep the stray cats out of my yard. If chickens are ruining your garden, consider putting up a fence or placing rocks around the garden so that they just can't access it anymore. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. That dog crate thing could work, or what about a box-stick-and-string trap? Their ideal environment consist of spacious land that is abundant with two major factors: food and water; meaning that they can be in your backyard, or barn in most cases. Like | 1; Save; Related Discussions. A rooster collar actually limits the airflow to a rooster’s voice box and reduces the volume of it’s crow. Can you suggest a powerful water gun (shooting at least 60 feet) for repelling destructive, wild chickens? Meaning It helps to look into your local laws and regulations on chickens to see if they have to be cooped up or if they're even allowed. Maybe even just a noose on the ground that you could pull on to snag his legs when he stood in it for food. Catching A Feral Chicken. I have read that chickens cannot smell. This was after years of successful free-ranging with no incidences, and we’d gotten careless. How do I place an order? JavaScript is disabled. and corralling the hens safely back into their coop. I've advertised him as a free rooster on the super shopper and BYC. Even if you only order pullets, you could end up with a rooster in your flock. Since it works so well to get rid of your pigeon problem, it may also make all other birds stop coming around as well. If this doesn't work try putting out a hose or sprinkler. But the rooster would have to be nice. When do I separate young chickens from their parents? Alternatively, purchase wire hardware cloth and cut a rectangle large enough to cover the area you wish to protect. If you don’t want to remove the rooster’s spurs— a fairly simple procedure — from time to time, then don’t get one. There are a variety of ways to keep stray cats or your neighbor’s cats out of your yard. That may not be such a bad thing though! These are the common ways to stop a rooster from crowing. The chickens will usually return shortly after you spray them the first time, but if you do this consistently enough, they may eventually associate your yard with the water and start to avoid it. The amount of stray and wild (feral) cats that populate areas such as alley ways and open areas not regularly tended to, such as lots and backyards, equals numbers reaching tens of millions. We use a time tested, effective program to reduce and eliminate chicken populations in a humane and thorough manner. 3 eggs a day! you need to get a huge basket, propped it close to where the rooster hangs out with a little stick. Make sure that your trash cans aren’t overflowing with garbage, and that you use a tight-fitting lid to secure your garbage cans. To create this article, 9 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. ask a neighbour. To catch a feral chicken yourself, an online search for “how-to trap wild chickens” nets abundant discussions, trap building guides and lots of chicken-chasing videos. Tried the net, live trap, did the dog carrier thing, at night he was to high up. try a long handle fish net or a good BB gun start putting out shelled corn and get them used to eating that and then build a wire cage an prop it up and put the shelled corn under it and tie a string on the stick and when the chicken s are under the wire Cage PULL THE STRING. You can also make use of tomato cage to get rid of chickens. FAQ’s about Stray Cats. Get Rid of Stray Cats with an Ultrasonic Repeller. people and coops to protect them. I stopped and had to back up and I didn’t see him, I felt the bump and my heart sank. get a cat (so your mum would stop feeding stray ones). Why is it important to repel the stray cats? The process might be slow for you, but it will work, and by using the best cat deterrent, you can get rid of stray cats permanently. C) get a dog or a cat to try and keep them from the house. When you first put on the collar, your rooster may jump backwards and try to remove the collar. Trapping is never going to get rid of all the renegade fowl, said Susan Brusatori, a state animal control officer for the Peninsula Humane Society. Feral cats not only kill birds and other wildlife, but they also cause other problems when they become accustomed to visiting the same yards. To learn how to invite the chickens to a preferable area, keep reading! I know that my chickens hate water and will stay as far as they can away from it. roosters caused such a huge fuss that the city actually passed a "No rooster" ordinance a couple years ago, because, I don't know, I guess the feral roosters can read and would know they're no longer allowed? Consider special care the rooster will need. Costly thing to have to do buying one though just to get rid of other gutless peoples problems. Put some corn around the stick , when he comes eating corn, the stick will fall , and you will have a rooster under the basket. Is that true? Facebook; Prev Article Next Article . 3. (how the hell does chickens wonder into your yard, unless you cant afford a fence). Keep the base of the plant completely surrounded by a perimeter of brick or stone. When they grow spurs the sparring will become more aggressive. Keeping a stray dog out of your garbage will require a sturdy can with a secured lid. So this is what I’d do. Cut a small square out of each corner and bend all four edges down at the newly cut corners, creating perpendicular "legs" for the wire mesh to stand on. The chickens will gravitate toward this area. Use a couple paper towels with alcohol and set an empty trash can over him. Stray Rooster. Best way to (legally) get rid of destructive feral chickens? What can I do? When you're trying to manage your own chickens, the use of edible bushes can also reduce the cost of feeding your chickens. The chickens are fed and cared for, getting fat and healthy, Coontz said. It's because there is a growing problem of wild chickens and roosters on this island. Don’t leave any organic food scraps sitting outside because this attracts unwanted cats from around the neighborhood. Because feral chickens are agile, they can be difficult to catch. Such diseases include feline leukemia, scabies, cat scratch fever, rabies, and feline AIDS. Thank you, Madara Rodriguez, for your A2A: Is there a way to get rid of cat hair? By using our site, you agree to our. While these cats can once again become pets, proper procedures would be required to ensure that this is done properly. Leave as little gaps in this ring as possible. As you gradually tighten the collar, reward your rooster … Garden sheds can become breeding grounds for litters of unwanted kittens. So many cheesy weasel puns can be made right now; but first, let’s figure out how to get rid of weasels that may be disturbing your property. If your hen hatched and is raising the chickens, she'll wean them off on her own when she's ready, usually at around 6 weeks, depending on the temperament of the hen. It depends on how long it is after you sprinkle the spices before it starts to rain. Look for lots of poop under a tree and wait for the sun to go down then grab a ladder and pull him out. Or visit our Learning Center for articles on How To Raise Chickens. Rooster at Martello Towers botanic garden in Key West. Jul 27, 2019. Young Rooster's Who Grow Up Together If you want to add two or more roosters it is best to raise them from chicks, you will notice that they will start sparring with each other at two months of age. It should remain secure without additional help. I had a stray rooster, never was able to catch him. dont resort to violence (cause thats just cruel). This is why I recommend Chickenpedia to all my readers. To learn how to invite the chickens to a preferable area, keep reading! I would recommend putting out the spices once a week. If a chicken does take a nibble of the fruit, the sour taste will usually repel them, too. But ensure the collar is not too tight and adjust it as needed. How to Get Rid of Stray Dogs in the Garbage Stray dogs are becoming a big problem in many areas of the country. If you have a stray or feral cat problem, get rid of stray cats by removing their food sources. Sexing baby chicks at a hatchery isn’t 100% accurate so sometimes a little boy chicken ends up in your pullet order! From homes to healthcare, we all want to do an eggcellent job for our chooks. Clear a square space roughly 1 yard (91.4 cm) long and 1 yard (91.4 cm) wide. After that, the girls would only free range if I was out side, if I was in the house they would try to get in the house or stay on the porch until I came out. In an emergency, is it safe to eat the geese at my local park. Remove all plant life from that space, including weeds and grass, leaving only the bare soil behind. Your chicken garden should include bushes and low-growing trees that can provide shelter for chickens needing to hide from the sun or from potential predators. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ps.29.020178.003103, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yk43deSFdU, https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/chicken-treats/, https://www.backyardchickens.com/articles/plants-chickens-dont-eat.48679/, https://www.dummies.com/home-garden/hobby-farming/raising-chickens/gardening-with-free-range-chickens-for-dummies-cheat-sheet/, http://modernfarmer.com/2013/06/how-to-chicken-proof-your-garden/, http://blog.mypetchicken.com/2013/05/03/keep-your-chickens-from-scattering-the-mulch/, http://txmg.org/williamson/files/Chickens-and-the-Garden.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. When putting spices in yard to keep chickens from my flower beds, will rain or watering make it go away? The difference between stray and feral cats is that the former consists of cats that started out with an owner but have been separated at some point while the latter were born and raised in the wild. I was wanting 5 hens and a rooster. Work with your rooster to help him get used to wearing the collar. This is because, eventually, you need to engage the peacock head-on to actually catch it, pick it up in your arms, and put it in a box or cage. Get the rooster by the legs and put him headfirst into the bag. Wrap the chicken wire around the stakes, weaving the stakes into the mesh vertically so that the entire structure remains secure. The fruit shouldn't actually hurt the chickens, though. Tried the net, live trap, did the dog carrier thing, at night he was to high up. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/e\/e2\/Repel-Chickens-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/e\/e2\/Repel-Chickens-Step-1.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/29\/Repel-Chickens-Step-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/29\/Repel-Chickens-Step-2.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/14\/Repel-Chickens-Step-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/14\/Repel-Chickens-Step-3.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f3\/Repel-Chickens-Step-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f3\/Repel-Chickens-Step-4.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/7d\/Repel-Chickens-Step-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/7d\/Repel-Chickens-Step-5.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-5.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f2\/Repel-Chickens-Step-6.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-6.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f2\/Repel-Chickens-Step-6.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-6.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/52\/Repel-Chickens-Step-7.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-7.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/52\/Repel-Chickens-Step-7.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-7.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/6d\/Repel-Chickens-Step-8.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-8.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/6d\/Repel-Chickens-Step-8.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-8.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/1c\/Repel-Chickens-Step-9.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-9.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/1c\/Repel-Chickens-Step-9.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-9.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Part Three: Inviting the Chickens Somewhere Else, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/24\/Repel-Chickens-Step-10.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-10.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/24\/Repel-Chickens-Step-10.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-10.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/55\/Repel-Chickens-Step-11.jpg\/v4-460px-Repel-Chickens-Step-11.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/55\/Repel-Chickens-Step-11.jpg\/aid5580804-v4-728px-Repel-Chickens-Step-11.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Use the juice instead of or in conjunction with the citrus peels. They will kill the birds in the coop and then carry them off to eat them. Others worry about annoying the neighbors and want to get rid of a rooster. We personally prefer that our chickens get full time free-ranging, but we paid the price of this one year when we left for 2 hours and came home to find most of our flock killed by “free-ranging,” trespassing dogs. Other plants that have been known to discourage chickens include many standard annuals, such as nasturtiums, impatiens, alyssum, petunias, and marigolds. Use the methods above instead. I am an extreme animal lover, can't kill a flea and most certainly not a rooster. A landing net, commonly used by fishermen, looks like a cone and has a long handle. Possums . The favorite places of cats are the barns, sheds, underneath decks and foundations. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The property that my chickens are on has had feral chickens running all through the neighborhood, long before I got there ten years ago. Even if you only order pullets, you could end up with a rooster in your flock. Strays are usually nomadic, forming packs when their numbers allow and raiding garbage cans in an attempt to locate food. If he does find out where. Only established herbs are strong enough to withstand rummaging chickens. But how to ditch an urban rooster has proven to be no easy task. Voila! Using spices such as oregano, cinnamon, and paprika sprinkled in the yard should be enough to repel them. Do you really have to get rid of your rooster? How to Get Rid of Unwanted Roosters. There are many different reasons for why a dog becomes a stray; either it was born on as a stray because stray dogs are rarely fixed and just produce a bigger problem, or the dog once lived in a home and now does not. This trick works best when used in conjunction with other chicken-repelling techniques. Also I don't eat chicken so don't tell me if they turn out mean to eat them. Does anyone know if moth crystals work? 6. We’ve worked with property managers, downtown high-rises, schools, and home owners associations to rid their properties of feral chickens. Noisemakers add noise pollution to your environment, so if you want to keep cats away with sound but don’t want to disturb your family or neighbors, choose an ultrasonic cat repeller. My husband is not any help because he says it is my problem. Check out our suggestions for repelling cats and we’re certain you’ll find … That way, you'll know exactly where the base of the plant is located and won't accidentally cover or block it. Some people use large nets, corner them or lure them into domestic coops. Finally he jumped my neighbors fence and made his home with them and their last older chicken. you need to get a huge basket, propped it close to where the rooster hangs out with a little stick. May perennial herbs work well for this purpose. Carefully cultivated flower beds can become open litter boxes. Use food, but don’t set … They roam the neighborhood and are destructive. What should I do? Avoid creating chicken-sized patches of bare dirt anywhere in your garden or yard. Fortunately, you can get your chickens laying better within 1-2 weeks. All of those things individually will affect the frequency that your hens lay. You can also try spraying the ground with lemon juice or lime juice. You will most likely end up hurting the chicken badly. They also intervene when hens get a little too “clucky” or are too busy minding their flock mate’s business. ... then it may be necessary to get rid of a few of your birds so that the other hens will start laying more often. Don’t get a rooster if your neighborhood, HOA covenants or municipal regulations prohibit roosters. Insert a tomato cage over the plant you need to protect or surround the plant with two to four stakes. An obvious technique to get rid of stray cats is not to feed them! The administration of Maui Mayor Alan Arakawa has asked the Maui Humane Society to begin responding to a feral chicken problem that was responsible for a … A scarecrow, or mannequins may work. It's because there is a growing problem of wild chickens and roosters on this island. If you are breeding them, you can separate them at any time, but remember sperm can live in a hen's oviducts for up to a month, so be sure to wait at least that long before collecting eggs that would be fertilized by another rooster. I have a bit of an unusual problem. 7. Place the makeshift wire box directly over the area you want to protect. The chicken will not actually be harmed, but the feeling will usually be so unpleasant that the bird will flee from your yard in response. Place the plants on a deck, porch, or other place that is completely out of reach for the chickens. Around the base of the plant if you keep bricks and larger stones then it will not allow scrabbling. If asking doesn't help then you'll need to take further measures by getting in contact with a ranger or your local council to see what they can do about the situation. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Consider special care the rooster will need. They had their wiles and their limited ability to fly. Sound repellents are great, but they can repel more than cats. How to Get Rid of Stray Dogs - Stray dogs, otherwise called feral dogs, are an unfortunately common sight in almost every part of the world. I almost always do keep a rooster on hand for the reasons mentioned above. If you want to repel chickens from your garden or section of your yard, try planting some herbs that chickens don't like, such as oregano, thyme, lavender, or mint. Don’t get rid of the strays blindly. KAHALUU (KHNL) - More and more people across Oahu are complaining they can't get a good night's rest. How to Get Rid of Unwanted Roosters. If they have a space dedicated for these purposes, they may not be inclined to do these things elsewhere in your yard. Try to use stones that are at least 6 inches (15 cm) in diameter or width. If a stray does get into your yard, call your local animal shelter or police department’s animal control unit. Make sure that noone among your neighbors are feeding them. They're also hungry every time they're here. You can make a DIY cat deterrent spray or use a barrier of some type to achieve this task. If a chicken does wander onto spice-covered ground, the spices will coat the bottom of its feet and create a burning or tingling sensation. Don’t get a rooster if your neighborhood, HOA covenants or municipal regulations prohibit roosters. If you can`t do it yourself you should not have much trouble finding a hunter in Texas that would do it for you. Alternatively, surround the base of the newly sprouted container plant with stones or bricks as though it were planted in the ground. The entire structure only needs to be 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) tall to keep most chickens out. Facebook; Prev Article Next Article . It is also a good idea to sprinkle diatomaceous earth over this patch of ground every few months to keep chicken mites away. Whether you live in an urban or suburban area, there is a chance that at some point in your life you either have or will encounter a stray dog. Many chicken keepers struggle to handle chicken health or behaviour issues, especially in the first few years of having a flock. Dust the ground in between plants with cinnamon, paprika, garlic, curry powder, black pepper, cayenne pepper, salt, or a spice blend containing one or more of these options. However, domestic cats are the most vulnerable to these disease attacks. Chaz Sanders Chaz Sanders and her family were relaxing at home one day in the beginning of September when, out of nowhere, a stray rooster wandered onto their property. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If you have fewer than eight backyard chickens, do not consider getting a rooster. Lure them with meal worms, corn, oatmeal, bread or commercial scratch. So you need to get rid of a rooster... or two? My neighbor keeps free-range chickens that come into my garden. I love him the way he is with his hair all around the house. Close and secure the top. Bricks and stones-Chickens like to kick the soil out of the pot so to stop this activity take help of bricks and larger stones. We now have our chickens out only on days/times when someone is home. AND THEY WILL BE CAUGHT IN THE CAGE ive never heard of feral chicken Include an evergreen shrub so that the chickens have cover in the winter, as well. They may scratch and poke around for insects, and they'll often use this space for dust baths. It also leads to boredom and bullying. Well, I know how much poison it takes to kill a rat, and how many days they need to keep eating it before they die. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Younger forms might be too weak. I ask her to keep them away but they still continue to come onto my property. Why not just buy or borrow a live animal trap? Feral chickens are domesticated chickens that have been deliberately released or left to run wild which end up feeding and reproduce freely. I have tried this method on past dumpees and it made things 10 times harder to get them as they mixed with mine fighting with my cockeral, stealing hens and making get rid of them a real mission. The girls saw it happen. Catching a peacock with a landing let or blanket requires physical strength and bravery. Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. And here it is: The #1 Way to Get Rid of Foxes for Good: Urine. I am pretty sure it's fleas. Around the base of the plant if you keep bricks and larger stones then it will not allow scrabbling. How would shooting them with a BB gun work? Bricks and stones-Chickens like to kick the soil out of the pot so to stop this activity take help of bricks and larger stones. It may take a few weeks to be sure if you have a pullet or a cockerel. In areas with little food, however, even these plants can fall victim to the occasional wandering chicken. Get Rid of Unwanted Cats in Your Yard. Get a large landing net or an old blanket.