Now, the silk filaments are removed from the dead cocoon via a process called reeling. They are also prone to many health hazards. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge.  In India, this culture is practiced … This is oil which can be extracted from the dead pupae. In order to maintain humidity, foam strips are soaked in water and placed on the tray. Also, several pests threaten the healthy growth of silkworm larvae. Application: Mounting & production of cocoon. The presence of pigments (such as xanthophyll) in the sericin layer of the fiber imparts colour to the silk. During the process of sericulture, by-products and wastes are produced in addition to the silk fiber. Cocoon production occurs mostly in parts of central Japan. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. Campaigns have been formed to protest against the inhumane treatment of silkworms by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). What is the Process Followed in Sericulture? Sericulture is an agro-based industry. Although honey is an important ingredient in many food dishes, beeswax holds a lot of commercial significance too. Privacy Policy The sericulture industry is unique for more than one reasons and now it has become a major cash crop of the country. The boiling of silkworm cocoons in the sericulture process has come under severe criticism from several individuals and organizations. It is labor intensive and also improves the socio-economic status of the small and marginal farmers. The Nets helps in uniform cocoon formation and maintain sanitized conditions for superior growth. Besides that, we also obtain beeswax through beekeeping. Management of Silkworm Rearing. 5. After the extraction of the oil, the waste (cake) is used as poultry feed. Also, the effectiveness of such a holistic utilization of bi-products demand, exhaustively utility knowledge, and allied optimizations.  The silk is used indigenously for preparation of chaddars (wraps) for own use by these tribals. The sericulture is an important cottage industry, but is now the basis of large industries in China, Japan, India and some European countries, where the silkworm, Bombyx mori is reared on mulberry leaves on a mass scale to get raw silk from the cocoons of the caterpillars of the moth. There is a huge In the rest of the world, mulberry is generally used as forage in animal production, or for other purposes. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. (ii) The stem in the trees is white in colour, soft and pliable. The mulberry fruits are rich in minerals and vitamins and from the roots, barks and mulberry leaves several ayurvedic and herbal medicines are prepared. An image detailing the different types of silkworms is provided below. The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production. However, some varieties of silkworm can take up to 4 days to spin their cocoons. These threads are often plied together to form a yarn. Sericulture in India is practiced mostly in the tropical regions involving six million people. Special brushes pick up the edges of the fibers and the reeling process begins. There are many species of silkworms, which are used for commercial purpose, but the caterpillar of the silkworm, which is domesticated (also called … PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. These silk garlands are manufactured in Channapatna of Bangalore district. A feeding bed is prepared on a rearing tray by sprinkling chopped mulberry leaves onto it. The pebrine disease can infect the eggs, resulting in their death before the hatching of the larvae.  Eri silk is the product of the domesticated silkworm, Philosamia ricini that feeds mainly on castor leaves. Here is your notes on sericulture! In simpler terms, the sericulture sector could now be transformed into a multi-functional industry via thoughtful value addition to secondary products and appropriate waste management. (a) The fruit is aromatic, cooling, laxative, removes thirst and good in the treatment of fevers. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. While the major producers are in Asia (90% of mulberry production and almost 100% of non-mulberry silk), sericulture industries have been lately established in Brazil, Bulgaria, Egypt and Madagascar as well. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. The hatched larvae are transferred into this tray via a process known as brushing. 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Some mites produce a toxic substance that kills silkworms. Viral infections in the larvae may result in the shrinkage of their bodies. (iii) Mulberry leaves constitute a good cattle feed. The most important as well as precarious stage of sericulture is the production of healthy and disease-free eggs and it plays a vital role on which the suc­cess of the industry depends. These cuttings may be directly planted or first kept in nurseries and then transplanted. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. Silk is the raw product in the industry of Sericulture. In India, there is a very good demand for silk. Sericulture is an important agro-based, labour intensive and export oriented cottage industry. In sericulture, the silkworm rearing process begins with the laying of eggs by the female silk moth. Sericulture Manufacturer of a wide range of products which include plastic mountages, plastic chandrika, plastic collapsible mountages, sericulture plastic mountage, sericulture net and plastic mountage. It can be used in the production of vitamins (K and E), in the manufacture of acid resistant plastic sheets etc. Approximately 80% of silk fiber is made up of fibroin, which is concentrated at the core. It is in great demand in the manufacture of sports goods specially cricket bats. However, over 900 meters of filament can be obtained from a single cocoon. In addition the silk industry can produce a number of byproducts. India enjoys the unique distinction of being the only country in the world to produce all four varieties of silk viz. The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, The main factors are a decrease in profitability of cocoon production and a shortage of people inheriting farms. It is known that this feed increases the milk yield. They may also start giving off an unpleasant odour. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. Cultivation to feed the silkworms that spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons to unwind the silk filament for value added advantages like process and weaving are the major activities of sericulture. When the cocoons are placed in boiling water for approximately 15 minutes, the adhesion of the silk threads reduces, enabling the separation of individual filaments. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and Tasar… Inside the cocoons, the larvae undergo metamorphosis and turn into pupae. Leaf picking – the removal of individual leaves by hand. Prior to this process the cocoons are inserted in hot water where Sericin – the main Silk protein – expands and softens. Many agricultural implements can also be fashioned out of the stem. These mature larvae now wrap themselves in a cocoon by secreting saliva from the two salivary glands on their heads. India and China are the world’s leading producers of silk. Silk farmers practicing sericulture are met with several challenges that could potentially destroy their harvest. Moriculture – the cultivation of mulberry leaves. Eri silkworm.  Also known as Endi or Errandi. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. 2. Top shoot harvesting – removal of the mulberry shoot tops. These filaments are twisted into a thread with the help of a series of guides and pulleys. There is a series of products that are produced in intensive Sericulture: Raw Silk Organic Fertilizers – Compost Biomass Animal Feeds Silk Proteins – Sericin These eggs (laid on a paper/cardboard sheet) are then disinfected with the help of a 2% formalin solution. Cocoon production increased from 31 MT during 1995-96 to Silk Products; Search form. The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture. (iv) Various parts of the plant body have a high medicianl value and are used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. Here, cuttings that are approximately 22 centimeters in length, containing at least 3 buds, are extracted from the stem of a mature mulberry plant. Products obtained. Any larvae affected by this disease develop dark spots and become lethargic. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. The productive acreage was 555 acres up to 2001-2002 and during the X plan period it increased to 3351 acres. It can be used in the production of vitamins (K and E), in the manufacture of acid resistant plastic sheets etc. This saliva solidifies and becomes silk when it comes in contact with air. Since then, it has been producing products, such as silkworm powder for reducing blood glucose levels, silkworm dongchunghacho (cordyceps), which is effective to cure cancer and strengthen the immune system, silk cosmetics, silk soap, silk toothpaste and ice cream of mulberry leaf that encourage the growth of silkworm farmers in some Asian countries particularly in Korea. The mulberry leaves can be harvested from the plants via the following methods: It is interesting to note that 1 kilogram of mulberry leaves can feed approximately 50 silkworms (from the egg stage to the cocoon stage). Its leaves are used to feed the silkworms which in turn produce silk fiber. mulberry,tasar,eri, and muga. Each type of silk has a distinct colour, as tabulated below. Since then, it has been producing products like; mulberry fruit juice to get rid of impurities from the body and to cure heart problems, dried fruit powder -mutagen which can inhibit the mutation of healthy normal cells into cancerous cells, Silkworm’s eggs processed into proteic extract having hepatoproteanic action, silkworm pupal oil having anti-inflammator and anti-tumefying like effects and so on. All these species are of medicinal value. So, starting a farm of Sericulture is highly beneficial as there are very good profits in this industry. Bees are mainly reared for their honey. The main product in silk industry is the production of thread obtained from the cocoons. Besides provid­ing field and educational trainings, Regional Exten­sion Centres and Technical Service Centres of both State and Central Sericulture Boards supply advanced-staged larvae to the rearers; rearing appliances and other raw materials like mulberry … NetPro's Sericulture Net as widely used in the Sericulture Industries. Schemes for financial assistance. At this stage, the body of the silkworm shrinks and becomes translucent. In Warring States Period (475 - 221 BC) silk and silk products became accessible to the population masses. 4. Mahatma Gandhi actively promoted the use of Ahimsa silk (or peace silk). The harvesting of silk from these cocoons is the final stage of sericulture. What are the Challenges Faced in Sericulture? Copyright. To learn more about sericulture and other related concepts, such as the life cycle of the silkworm, register with BYJU’S and download the mobile application on your smartphone. Branch cutting – removal of the entire branch. Typically, 300-500 eggs are obtained from one female silk moth. Other viral infections such as cytoplasmic polyhedrosis can cause the larvae to lose their appetites. There are four species of mulberry – Morus acedosa, M.alba, M. indica and M. nigra. The muscardine infection, caused by fungi, can cause the larvae to become extremely feeble and eventually die. Besides using the leaves, mulberry bears sweet fruit. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). Sericulture and cocoon production have seen dramatic decline in recent years. Silkworms are vulnerable to several diseases such as pebrine and flacherie. This method of producing silk did not involve the boiling of silkworm pupae and, therefore, did not violate the Ahimsa philosophy. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Content Guidelines This process is called stifling. Entrepreneurship Development (EDP):Introduction, Scope for Self employment i Sericulture and Govt. About 1 million workers are employed in the silk sector in China. TOS Sericulture and Silk Production The ancient technique of rearing silkworms for production of silk yarn (and weaving it into expensive cloth) is widely practiced today. The mulberry plant which is the main stay of silk worm moth has a number of uses. By products o silkworm rearing and their utilization. ... Those who set up business as exporters of silk products can have good gains. Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. Finally, the silk filaments are woven together to form a thread. At this stage, the silkworm eats enthusiastically until its final feeding stage. Sericulture is labour-intensive. EDP in Sericulture: Introduction, EDP in Mulberry Nursery, CRC’S, Grainage and Sil reeling and few success stories in sericulture. Process Moriculture Silkworm Rearing Silk Reeling Challenges Faced in Sericultre. The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. Thus, raw silk is obtained from the silkworm and the sericulture process is completed. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Short notes on mulberry and non mulberry silk varieties, Brief note on different types of Silk worms, Everything you ought to know about Sericulture, Short notes on the economics of fish farming, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. The very nature of this industry with its rural based on-farm and off-farm activities and enormous employment generation … One thread of silk contains approximately 50 silk filaments. Silk cannot be reeled from these damaged cocoons. Silk reeling – the extraction of silk filaments from the silkworm cocoons. Sericulture Nets are easy to clean and can be re-used multiple times for harvesting. It is the art and science of silkworm breeding for producing silks. The wood pulp of the stem is a good raw material for the manufacture of quality paper. 3. As they grow, their appetite slowly diminishes until their active stage. These plants can be grown via three different methods: The stem grafting method is the most commonly used method for mulberry plantation. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. Sericulture combines agriculture and also the industry. This silk is then re-boiled in order to improve its luster. This core is surrounded by a layer of sericin (which makes up the remaining 20% of silk). The technologies connected with sericulture, embroidery, fabric dyeing were widespread. This is due to the massive quantum of bi-product generated in the sericulture sector and its allied suitability towards numerous commercial exploits. The larvae of dermestid beetle can bore into the silkworm cocoons and eat the pupae. For the production of mulberry silk, the sericulture process follows three primary steps. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. After reaching maturity, the larvae begin searching for hospitable places to begin their pupation. Some of these are –, (i) The fruits are edible; can also be used in the manufacture of alcoholic drinks. Sericulture, the practice of breeding silkworms for the production of raw silk, has been underway for at least 5,000 years in China, from where it spread to Korea and Japan, and later to India and the West. The silkworms are being cultivated in this process. Raw Silk is the main Sericulture product that derives from the cocoon reeling process. The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture. Moriculture refers to the cultivation of mulberry plants, whose leaves are used as silkworm feed.

products of sericulture

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