They also bear brownish-green tassle-like flowers from May to September, quite different from the more attractive hooded flowers … Tender handed stroke a nettle, It’ll sting you for your pains, Grasp it like a man of mettle, And it soft as silk remains’. Documented accounts of its use date as far back as 1200 BC, and its uses are widespread. Urticaceae. Burning nettle, also known as small nettle or annual nettle, generally reaches heights of 5 to 24 inches (12.5 to 61 cm). Topical creams have also been developed for joint pain and various skin ailments, including eczema and dandruff. The flowers grow along stems that shoot out fr… Nettle is native to Europe but now grows in damp fertile soils virtually throughout the world. Stinging nettle may seem like a risky herb to grow, but you can’t overlook its benefits. They inject a mix of acetylcholine, formic acid, histamine, and serotonin, causing an itchy, burning rash in humans and other animals that may last up to 12 hours. The fruits are small achenes, and the plants produce copious amounts of seeds. Focusing on th… https://www.britannica.com/plant/stinging-nettle, New York State - Department of Environmental Conservation - Stinging Nettle, WebMD - Stinging Nettle: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning. The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! Nettle leaf, also called Urtica dioica, has been used in traditional medicine for many centuries. The nettle has sharp hairs on its leaves. Flowering time: July–September. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). Stinging Nettles are rich in vitamin A, potassium, magnesium, and calcium. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. S oaking, cooking, … Although contact causes intense stinging and itching, symptoms usually last less than an hour; some people may have skin discoloration for several days. The plant is common in herbal medicine, and young leaves can be cooked and eaten as a nutritious potherb. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). U. dioica is known by several other common names, including "Common Nettle", "Bigsting Nettle", "Tall Nettle", and... All true nettles are a part of the Nettle Family Urticaceae. The best way to prevent a stinging nettle rash is to avoid stinging nettles touching the skin. Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family (Urticaceae), known for its stinging leaves. Burning Nettle vs. Stinging Nettle. Tea made from the leaves has been used to treat hay fever, diabetes, gout, and arthritis, and fresh stinging leaves are sometimes applied to arthritic joints in a process known as urtification, which is said to stimulate blood flow. This defense mechanism is an effective deterrent against most large herbivores, though the plant is important food for several butterfly species and aphids. You can consume the leaves fresh, but if you want to preserve the nettle plants to be consumed or used later, there are a few things that you can try. Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. It has been grown, foraged, and harvested for thousands of years. Additionally, stinging nettle has been used as a source of bast fibres for textiles and is sometimes used in cosmetics. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family , known for its stinging leaves. Omissions? Cover the barrel with a lid because this liquid will have a strong smell! When producing brew and manure from stinging nettles, the time factor is the decisive variable. The leaves have distinctly serrated edges, with each leaf margin looking like a row of pointed teeth. The flowers are greenish; they are very small but numerous. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. As well as being delicious, nettle tea is reputed to help combat several ailments, … Hunting dogs running through stinging nettle thickets have been poisoned, sometimes lethally, by the massive accumulation of stings. Overview Information Stinging nettle is a plant. Urtica dioica. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. Similarly, the ovary within the female flower is haploid (1n). Inflammation is your body’s way of healing itself and fighting infections. Like most weeds Stinging Nettle (Urtica urens) can be a pain for gardeners. Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Stinging nettle can make a real nuisance of itself in vegetable gardens, but it is also one of Finland’s most diverse and useful plants. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. The stinging trichomes of the leaves and stems have bulbous tips that break off when brushed against, revealing needlelike tubes that pierce the skin. Stinging nettles are plants that are commonly found … Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. Cooking stinging nettle gets rid of the stinging hairs. It also provides great perennial habitat for a wide range of … In some parts of the US, stinging nettle is considered an invasive weed due to its ability to self-seed and spread through its root mass. Stinging nettle has a long history of use as a medicinal herb and is still used in folk medicine for a wide array of disorders, though there is limited clinical evidence supporting its efficacy. Reviving nettle tea. You can also turn nettles into a liquid fertilizer by filling a barrel with the leaves and branches. Realize, you must use great care when raising and preparing it for use. Fresh nettle leaves can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-5 days. Set aside an area of lawn, part of a border, or even a…, Set up a ‘nectar café’ by planting flowers for pollinating insects like bees and butterflies, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Status. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Specimen has leaf curl and may have been poisoned or short of H2O ID: 2C2X9RM (RF) Common or Stinging Nettle (urtica dioica), close up of a cluster of the plants in flower. They also often grow in masses, forming a monoculture. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. Stinging or common nettles (Urtica dioica) are widespread across the U.K. They can be found in woodlands, hedgerows, gardens and disturbed ground. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica, also known as common nettle or nettle leaf) is an herbaceous perennial plant. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. They are also high in protein and when cooked are very mild, tasting similar to spinach but slightly rougher. Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Stinging Nettle is a surprisingly helpful plant in food and medicine despite its stinging hairs, as seen below. Weigh them down with a stone and fill it up with water. Overview Stinging nettle rash occurs when the skin comes into contact with stinging nettles. Updates? Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. The young shoots are tasty and extremely healthy in soups, stews and pancakes. The tiny green or white flowers are borne in dense whorled clusters in the leaf axils and stem tips and are wind-pollinated. Corrections? Early spring is the best time to harvest — I try to pick more early in the season and store for later use. That said, I think they have a more subtle, lighter flavor, especially when used raw. Stinging nettle flowers. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. An upright plant with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs. … The dried plant can be used as livestock feed, and heating or cooking the fresh leaves renders them safe for consumption. The pretty small tortoiseshell is a familiar garden visitor that can be seen feeding on flowers all year-round during warm spells.…, It doesn’t matter what size your space is, there’s always room for wildflowers! - they are virtually indistinguishable from leaves. Registered charity number 207238. This means in detail, that a brew with the usage of boiling water has to be prepared within 2 minutes and should be ready for application after additional 24 hours. Scientific Name. The plants can be dioecious (an individual produces only female or male flowers) or monoecious (an individual bears both male and female flowers), depending on the subspecies. From the nutrition point of view, they pack a wallop as well. Recognizing the plant and teaching children how to distinguish it can help avoid stinging nettle rash.